MALUKA IAS Date : 06 November 2018 Sr. No. Topics Topics to remember… Why in news…??? 1. Kanger Ghati National Park
- It is in Bastar Chhattisgarh.
- It is in news because of elections in Chhatisgarh and Naxal affected region.
- The adiwasi people at here special gesture for welcoming with warm heart.
2. Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
- Under the INF Treaty, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. agreed to eliminate within three years all ground-launched-missiles of 500-5,500 km range and not to develop, produce or deploy these in future.
- The U.S. destroyed 846 Pershing IIs and Ground Launched Cruise Missiles (GLCMs); and the U.S.S.R., 1,846 missiles (SS-4s, SS-5s and SS-20s), along with its support facilities.
- The INF Treaty did not restrict other countries but this hardly mattered as it was the age of bi-polarity and the U.S.-U.S.S.R. nuclear equation was the only one that counted.
- Last month, U.S. President Donald Trump declared that the U.S. is quitting the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, a bilateral agreement with Russia signed in 1987.
3. Ozone Layer
- The ozone layer that shields life from cancer-causing solar rays is recovering at a rate of one to three percent per decade, reversing years of dangerous depletion caused by the release of harmful chemicals.
- Northern Hemisphere and mid-latitude ozone is scheduled to heal completely by the 2030s followed by the Southern Hemisphere in the 2050s and polar regions by 2060.
- U.N. Environment and the World Meteorological Organization prepared a report in which adjusting points are mentioned.
4. Private Member Bill
- The admissibility of a private member’s Bill (like the one Rakesh Sinha intends to bring) is decided by the Rajya Sabha Chairman. (In the case of Lok Sabha, it is the Speaker; the procedure is roughly the same for both Houses.)
- The Member must give at least a month’s notice before the Bill can be listed for introduction; the House secretariat examines it for compliance with constitutional provisions and rules on legislation before listing.
- 26th Amendment which abolished privy purses in 1971, was catalysed by the private member’s legislation piloted by Rajya Sabha MPs Bhupesh Gupta (CPI), Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee (Congress), Chitta Basu (Forward Bloc), Banka Behary Das (Praja Socialist Party).
- 61st Amendment which reduced the voting age from 21 to 18, was seeded by private member’s legislation by Bhupesh Gupta (CPI), Shiva Chandra Jha (BJP), Satya Prakash Malaviya (Janta Dal).
- As the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid pot bubbled last week, nominated Member of Rajya Sabha Rakesh Sinha said he would bring a private member’s Bill “on the Ram Temple”.