MALUKA IAS Date: 09 November 2018 Sr. No. Topics Points to remember… Why in news…??? 1. Star tortoise
- AS it is prohibited to do so under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, the star tortoises were seized under the Customs Act, 1962, read with Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.
- In countries like Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore, there is a huge demand for star tortoises.
- They are traded usually for use in traditional medicines, for food and also to be kept as exotic pets.
- Recently the officials of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), seized a 1,125 Indian Star Tortoises.
2. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
- The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) owes its origin to the Special Police Establishment (SPE), which was established by the colonial government in 1941 through an executive order to deal with corruption involving war-time purchases and supplies.
- In 1946, the then government enacted the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act to give the organisation a statutory cover.
- The Act of 1946, which continues to govern the CBI, is a very small piece of legislation, comprising six sections.
- It permits the agency to investigate only those offences which are notified by the central government.
- The organisation cannot exercise its powers and jurisdiction in any area in a state without the consent of the government of that state.
- Without the state government’s invitation, the only way the CBI can work there is when the Supreme Court or some high court asks it to do so.
- The CBI figures in the Union List of the Seventh Schedule of the constitution of India. Sl. No. 8 of this List reads: “Central Bureau of Intelligence and Investigation.”
- The CBI is in news because of their recent controversies between Director and Special Director.
3. Figurative Art
- The oldest known human made figures were ivory sculpture found in Germany.
- In the 1950s, radiocarbon dating on paintings in the Lascaux Cave in Southern France showed that the images – of horses and other animals – were made 15500 years ago.
- Indonesia Jungle, scientist find world’s oldest figurative art -. Scientist have estimated that those figurine – of horses, birds and people – were at most 40000 years old.
- The findings also demonstrate that ancient humans somehow made the creative transition at roughly the same time in places thousands of miles apart.