11th September
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  • Maluka IAS academy

11th September

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Date :- 11th September


Malignant Catarrhal Fever (MCF)
  • an infectious viral disease originally from South Africa that affects cattle, was first spotted in the State 10 years ago. It has neither a cure nor a vaccination that can prevent its spread.




  • Indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas, placing India in an elite group of countries which have developed the air-to-air refuelling system for military aircraft.


  •  With this first trial, the aircraft gets much closer to the important battle-ready tag, called the FOC or the final operational clearance.
  • Production partner Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. and LCA’s designer and developer Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) gave the thumbs-up as an Air Force transport plane IL-78 refuelled the light fighter as it flew at a height of 20,000 feet.


Bullwhip effect

  • This refers to a phenomenon wherein small changes in consumer demand for a product at the retail stage can cause exponentially larger changes in the demand experienced by other members of the supply chain.


  • This happens due to errors in forecasting demand across the supply chain of a product. The increase in consumer demand for a product can cause retailers to order more of it from wholesale sellers, who in turn might order even more from manufacturers, and so on.
  • The idea was first proposed by American computer scientist Jay Wright Forrester in his 1961 book Industrial Dynamics.

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960

  • Provides the powers of search and seizure to the police if she/he has reason to believe that an offence of Cruelty has been committed on the animal.

Hurricane Florance

  • Powerful category 4 hurricane, moving towards Easter side of United States of America.

Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)

  • PISA was first administered in 2000.


  • A triennial international survey, coordinated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), it assesses the quality of education systems across the world by evaluating students in science, mathematics and reading.
  • India has participated only once in PISA.
  • The country made its debut in the “extended cycle” of the test for 2009, with 16,000 students from 400 schools in Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu participating.

Delhi lunches doorstep delivery of government services

  • After months of planning, the Delhi government on Monday launched its ambitious project to deliver public services at the doorstep of residents.


  • From driving licences to marriage certificates, Delhiites can now apply for 40 government documents to be delivered at their homes for a fee of b950 per service.