MALUKA IAS Date :- 18 September
Future of Jobs
- A report by the World Economic Forum (WEF).
- According to report, globally, almost half of all companies expect automation to cut their full-time workforce in the next four years; however, new jobs will still lead to a net gain in employment opportunities if sufficient reskilling is done.
- In India, 54% of employees in these sectors will need reskilling by 2022.
- The Maharashtra Government has taken the first step towards setting up a varsity dedicated to mitigating cyber threats. It has set aside b980 crore for the first round of its funding and the proposal for the project.
- The new Cyber University will train 3,000 professionals to fight online space cyber attacks, internet crimes, and conduct cyber forensics.
- It will also impart training in 15 other Internet of Things (IoT) areas such as Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI).
India’s first woman IAS officer
- Padma Bhushan Anna Rajam Malhotra, joined civil services in 1951 and opted for the Madras Cadre.
- India’s first woman IAS officer after independence, who served as Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1985 to 1990.
Mt Everest Friendship Exercise
- Nepal and China 12 day military exercise recently held at Sichuan Province focused on anti terrorism drills.
Mission on shifting cultivation: towards a transformational approach
- The document by NITI Aayog that calls for policy coherence, said land for shifting cultivation should be recognised as “agricultural land” where farmers practise agro-forestry for the production of food rather than as forestland.
- Locally referred to as jhum cultivation, this practice is considered as an important mainstay of food production for a considerable population in northeast India in States like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Manipur.
Merger of the Banks
- The government on proposed the amalgamation of state-owned Bank of Baroda (BoB), Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank to create India’s third-largest bank.
- The move is part of the reforms initiated in the public sector banking segment.
world’s first hydrogen train
- It uses fuel cells that produce electricity through a combination of hydrogen and oxygen, leaving behind water and steam.
- Germany rolled out the world’s first hydrogen-powered train, signalling the start of a push to challenge the might of polluting diesel trains with costlier but eco-friendly technology.