MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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MALUKA IAS 

Date :- 10th September

Article 161 of the Constitution

  • Article 161 of the Constitution grants clemency power to the Governor of a state.

 

Sadarmatt Anicut and Pedda Cheruvu

  • A meeting of the International Executive Council, the highest decision making body of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), at Saskatoon in Canada last month has accepted Telangana government’s nomination of Sadarmatt anicut across river Godavari in Nirmal district and Pedda Cheruvu in Kamareddy district in the ICID Register of Heritage Irrigation Structures.
  • Sadarmatt Anicut constructed in 1891-92.
  • Pedda Cheruvu was built in 1897 during the rule of Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan, the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad State.

 

Pondicherry shark

  • Field biologists from the EGREE Foundation have spotted ‘Pondicherry shark’, an endangered species protected under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, near the Kumbhabhishekam landing point in the city.
  • Scientifically known as Carcharhinus hemiodon, it belongs to the Carcharhinidae family with a growth of 3.3 feet.
  • Known as ‘Pala Sora’ in the local parlance, the Pondicherry Shark is on the verge of extinction even according to the conventional fishermen.
  • The only scientific information available about the species comes from 20 specimens collected from fish markets across the Indo-Pacific region.
  • It is identified by its black tips of dorsal, pectoral and Tai fins. The front teeth are distinctly serrated at the base and smooth at the tip.

 

Section 41 of the CrPC

  • The law that empowers the police to arrest people without warrants (Section 41 of the CrPC) is reasonably stringent, demanding that some conditions be met, including that such arrests be carried out to prevent commission of further offences, tampering of evidence, and influencing of witnesses.

 

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

  • The law that empowers the police to arrest people without warrants (Section 41 of the CrPC) is reasonably stringent, demanding that some conditions be met, including that such arrests be carried out to prevent commission of further offences, tampering of evidence, and influencing of witnesses.

Dalit

  • The term was first used by Swami Shraddhanand, Gandhi added that “Swami Vivekananda chose an English word having the same meaning.
  • Also known as suppressed, depressed, Harijans, untouchables, Bhangis, Mehtars, Chamars, Pariahs, etc.

 

Section 377

  • “Doctrine of Progressive Realisation of Rights” to guard against future attempts to reintroduce that part of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code which had made the entire LGBTQ community “unconvicted felons” without the basic rights of a citizen for over a century.

 

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)

  • PMJAY, announced in the Union Budget this year as the National Health Protection Mission, will provide an annual health cover of Rs 5 lakh to 10.74 crore families.
  • PMJAY is the tertiary healthcare arm of the Government flagship health programme Ayushman Bharat. 
  • The preventive healthcare arm — with a target of setting up 1,53,000 health and wellness centres — was inaugurated by Prime Minister in Chhattisgarh in April.
  • National Health Agency is the implementing agency for PM-JAY.

Pluto

  • In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) established a definition of a planet that robbed Pluto of the that status. 
  • By the IAU definition, for an object orbiting it’s star to be classified as a planet, it needs to clear its orbit: in other words it must be the largest gravitational force in its orbit. 
  • Pluto did not qualify this because it is influenced by Neptune gravity, and because it shares its orbit with frozen gases and other objects.

 

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral disease that has no cure and approximately 3% of reported patients have died, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The coronavirus that causes it spreads through human-to-human contact, although camels too are known to transmit it. WHO says that evidence of camel-to-human infection is now “irrefutable”. The disease was identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012, and is from there that a majority of cases have since been reported, hence the name. 
  • Patients present mild to acute forms of respiratory distress. Elderly men, those with weak immunity and others with chronic diseases such as diabetes and cancer are particularly vulnerable.