MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date : 12th October
  • Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013
  • It prohibits the employment of manual scavengers for the hazardous manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks; conduct a time-bound survey; and take measures for the rehabilitation of manual scavengers.
  • The definition of ‘manual scavengers’ was widened to cover those involved in cleaning not only dry latrines but other insanitary latrines.
  • The act called for the setting up of vigilance/monitoring committee at sub-division, district, State and Central levels.
  • The National Commission for Safai Karamcharis was given the responsibility of implementation.
  • To eliminate open defecation, the act also called for the construction of an adequate number of sanitary community latrines in urban areas within three years from the date of commencement of the statute.
  • Global Hunger Index 2018
  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Index, with hunger levels in the country categorised as “serious”.
  • Four main indicators are used to calculate hunger levels in the report, which is a peer-reviewed publication released annually by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide. (The International Food Policy Research Institute was also involved with the publication until this year.)
  • The first indicator is undernourishment, which is the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
  • The next three indicators use data for children under five: child wasting (low weight for height), reflecting acute under-nutrition; child stunting (low height for age), reflecting chronic under-nutrition; and child mortality.
  • Neftin-T and Zoetis
  • Zoetis, is supplying Indian farmers with antibiotics to help their animals grow faster. The practice should be banned worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO), because it increases the prevalence of resistant bacteria that can infect humans and cause deadly and untreatable infections.
  • WHO, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) have called for a worldwide ban on the use of antibiotics to fatten farm animals — a practice already banned in the EU and U.S. — in an attempt to stem the rising threat of resistance.
  • In India Zoetis is selling Neftin-T, which contains the antibiotic tylosin. Zoetis recommends feeding Neftin-T to chickens to “improve weight gain and FCR [feed conversion rate]”.
  • Amnesty scheme announced by the Union Cabinet
  • More than 900 prisoners were released from prisons across India under an amnesty scheme announced as part of the year-long celebrations to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi beginning October 2.
  • The following categories of prisoners are eligible for special remission: women convicts of 55 years of age and above, who have completed half of their actual sentence period, transgender convicts aged 55 and above, who have served half of their actual sentence period, and male convicts aged 60 and above, who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period.
  • Physically challenged or disabled convicts with 70% disability and more who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period, terminally-ill convicts, convicted prisoners who have completed two-third (66%) of their actual sentence period are also eligible under the scheme.
  • Special remission scheme is not available to prisoners who have been convicted for an offence for which the sentence awarded is death or where death sentence has been commuted to life imprisonment, and in cases of convicts involved in serious and heinous crimes.
  • Mirroring in digital payment
  • Mirroring means the data can be stored in a foreign location also.
  • “The central bank wants data pertaining to payment system to be stored only locally,”
  • Human Capital Index
  • The World Bank first time released a report on Human Capital Index, India ranks 115th position.
  • The report ranked 157 economies on parameters like child mortality, health and education.
  • ‘IndiaChain’ initiative
  • The country’s largest block-chain initiative. NITI Aayog working on it.
  • The Gru
  • Russian military’s massive spy agency.
  • World Development Report
  • World Development Report, The Changing Nature of Work, the World Bank examines the global implications of the ongoing technological shift that is dramatically altering the nature of work.
  • In so doing, it highlights many of the challenges facing India and other emerging economies as they seek to create jobs for their people.