MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date 13 November
Sr. No.  Topics  Points to remember… Why in news…???
1. Consultation Papers
  • “This consultation paper seeks to analyse and discuss the implications of the growth of OTT services… the relationship between TSPs and OTT players, whether any change is required in the current regulatory framework and the manner in which such changes should be effected.”
The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) on Monday re-started the discussion on “regulatory issues and economic concerns” with regard to over-the-top (OTT) services such as WhatsApp and Skype, with its consultation paper on ‘Regulatory Framework for OTT Communication Services’.
2. POSHAN Abhiyan
  • It aims to drastically reduce the prevailing high incidence of malnutrition, stunted growth and anaemia. The intention is to do this through convergence, mass movements and leveraging technology.
  • Anganwadi workers (AWWs) are required to feed in details of the beneficiaries and monitor their growth in real time during pregnancy, as well as height and weight of the child once born, in the mobile phones given to them and follow up with SMS alerts to those who are at risk.
  • Anganwadi centres (AWCs) are the focal point of delivery of health and nutrition services for pregnant women, lactating mothers and children.
  • To overcome the challenges of the tedious and irregular system of manually maintaining daily registers and monitor growth efficiently, information and communications technology-enabled real time monitoring (ICT-RTM) has been rolled out in POSHAN Abhiyaan districts. This helped identify 12,000 severely malnourished children in 46 districts of six states.
The National Nutrition Mission, launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 8 March—now christened POSHAN (Modi’s overarching scheme for holistic nourishment) Abhiyaan.
3. Section 375
  • Section 375 deals with rape committed on a woman by a man, Section 376 lists the punishment for the offence.
  • The plea sought that the definition of rape under Section 375 be held “ultra vires” for being “discriminatory and violative of Articles 14 (right to equality), 15 (prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex…) and 21 (right to life and personal liberty) of the Constitution”.
Recently Supreme Court says, “Section 375 of the IPC dealing with rape was not gender-neutral, the appropriate remedy was an amendment to the law which only Parliament could do.”
4. Global RTI ratings
  • A programme founded by the Centre for Law and Democracy (CLD), a Canada-based non-governmental organisation, along with Access Info Europe, India has slipped a rung further this year to the sixth position.
  • According to CLD, the global RTI rating is a system for assessing the strength of the legal framework for guaranteeing the right to information in a given country.
  • It is, however, limited to measuring the legal framework only and does not gauge the quality of implementation.
India ranks lower than smaller nations like Afghanistan — which adopted the RTI later than India — and Serbia, in these ratings, made on the basis of 61 indicators.