MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date: 15th October
Global Financial Stability Report
  • The report released by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
GtCO2
  • The term refers to a gigatonne of CO2 used to standardized the metric of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on one common scale.
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report
  • The report released by Food and Agriculture Organisation, established on 16 October, 1945.
Rice and Wheat production
  • In Rice and Wheat production India only lags behind China.
Crispr
  • A DNA-editing system that allows scientists to modify harmful genes or add new ones.
  • The theory refers by Stephen Hawking for warning against superhumans.
Gurkhas
  • Gorkhas (or Gurkhas) are Nepali-origin people who take their name from the 8th-century Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath and from the Nepal hill town of Gorkha. In India, the word is sometimes used to make a distinction between Indian Gorkhas, who are citizens of India, and Nepali citizens who are living in India.
  • In a notification issued on August 23, 1988, the Home Ministry clarified that Gorkhas domiciled in India at the the time of commencement of the Constitution, and those born in India, or born to one or both parents born in India, are citizens of India. West Bengal has the highest number of Nepali-speaking citizens, and Sikkim the highest density.
  • The Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950) permits, “on a reciprocal basis, the nationals of one country in the territories of the other the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of a similar nature”.
  • The Indian Gorkhas of Assam are eligible, by virtue of being Indian citizens. The Nepali citizens are not eligible for inclusion, although they are legal migrants and the 1950 treaty protects them from referral to a Foreigners Tribunal.
Commercial Papers
  • Commercial Paper (CP) is an unsecured money market instrument issued in the form of a promissory note. CPs are short-term instruments and the maturity period varies from seven days to up to one year.
  • The instrument was introduced in 1990 to enable highly rated corporate borrowers to diversify their sources of short-term borrowings, and also to provide an additional instrument to investors. CPs can be issued by corporates, primary dealers, and financial institutions.
  • Eligible participants should have a minimum credit rating of A-2 at the time of the issuance of the CP.
  • Banking companies, mutual funds, other corporate bodies, NRIs, individuals and foreign institutional investors (FIIs) can subscribe to CPs; they are also traded in the secondary market.
Oil Bond
  • Oil Bonds issued to the oil marketing companies by the government.
National Airport operator, AAI
  • It has the mandated to implement the international version of the UDAN scheme.
  • The International version of its Udan scheme as it seeks to enhance air connectivity from India to select overseas destination.
Shell Company
  • The OECD defines a shell firm as “a company that is formally registered, incorporated, or otherwise legally organised in an economy but which does not conduct any operations in that economy other than in a pass-through capacity.
  • Shells tend to be conduits or holding companies and are generally included in the description of Special Purpose Entities”.
Scrambling
  • This refers to a digital encoding technique that is used to achieve the deliberate distortion of digital signals in order to prevent an unauthorised reception. It is achieved through the use of a device called scrambler or randomiser.
  • Scrambling helps telecommunication service providers to offer their services only to customers who are willing to pay, thus helping them sustain their business models.
International Day for Rural women
  • October 15 is observed, respectively, as International Day of Rural Women by the United Nations, and National Women’s Farmer’s Day (Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas) in India.
Justice J.S. Verma Committee
  • A The panel was formed in the aftermath of the December 16 Nirbhaya gangrape in 2012 and the ensuing nationwide protests, and submitted its report on January 23, 2013.
  • The Committee, chaired by Justice Verma and including Justice Leila Seth and senior lawyer Gopal Subramanium, termed the Sexual Harassment Bill “unsatisfactory” and said it did not reflect the spirit of the Vishakha guidelines — framed by the Supreme Court in 1997 to curb sexual harassment at the workplace.