MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date: 21st November
Sr. No. Topics Points to remember Why in news…???
1. Air Quality Life Index
  • Produced by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC), the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) — the ‘L’ stands for ‘Life’ — found that particulate pollution’s effect on life expectancy exceeds that of communicable diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, behavioural killers like cigarette smoking, and even war.
  • Compared to 1.8 years from particulate pollution, first-hand cigarette smoke leads to a reduction in global average life expectancy of about 1.6 years.
  • The AQLI is based on a pair of peer-reviewed studies co-authored by EPIC director Michael Greenstone that quantify the causal relationship between long-term human exposure to particulate pollution and life expectancy.
  • The results from these studies are then combined with hyper-localised, global particulate matter measurements.
A new index has found that fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution reduces global average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the single greatest threat to human health.
2. Manodhairya
  • The scheme provides for financial support to and rehabilitation of victims of rape, child sexual abuse and acid attacks called Manodhairya. Under its provisions, upon the filing of a FIR under the sections covering these offences, the police are to send a copy of the complaint to a six-member, District Criminal Injuries Relief and Rehabilitation Board along with a medical report within 24 hours to decide the assistance to be given to the victim. Last year, a new GR changed these provisions, making the District Legal Services Authority responsible for implement the scheme as it was felt that judicial officers were better equipped to assess the FIR, medical report and the victim’s statement while deciding how much compensation should be awarded. At present, the scheme allows for compensation up to a maximum of Rs 10 lakh.
  • It is the new GR that introduced a provision to include recovery of compensation from a victim. In cases where a victim alleged rape under the pretext of marriage, the full compensation will be paid only if the case ends in conviction. If such a victim turns hostile during the trial, or if such a case ends in an out-of-court settlement, then 25% of compensation granted earlier will be recovered. In addition, in all cases, 75% of the compensation will be kept in a fixed deposit for a period of 10 years.
  • Women’s groups had written to the Chief Minister in July this year, saying that the scheme is contradictory to the Supreme Court-approved victim compensation scheme formulated by a nine-member committee appointed by National Legal Services Authority (NALSA).
A special court in Maharashtra recently ordered recovery of Rs 2 lakh compensation from a woman who had initially alleged she had been raped but later turned hostile.

The compensation had been given to her under the Manodhairya Yojana, set up by the state government through a government resolution (GR) in August 2013 on directions of the Bombay High Court.