MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date: 22nd October
Cocoa Butter Equivalent or CBE
  • CBE is a kind of fat and has characteristics similar to that of the much more expensive cocoa butter with which it can be mixed in any proportion without the cocoa butter losing its properties or formulation.
  • A prime reason for the use of CBE is that it costs almost half when compared with the edible vegetable fat extracted from cocoa beans.
  • Interestingly, the CBE supplied by Manorama Industries is made from the extracts of tree-borne butter seeds such as sal, mango, kokum, mahua, dhupa and shea that is collected from the jungles by the company’s network of millions of tribals spread across various States.
Migration and its impact on Cities report (2017)
  • According to the report which is published by World Economic Forum (WEF), Surat had one of the fastest population growth rates among Indian cities amounting to 55-60 per cent every decade from the 1980s due to internal migration.
Kokborok
  • A language of the Tibeto-Burman family and the mother tongue of the largest tribal groups. In 1979, Kokborok was accorded the status of official language, alongside Bengali and English.
  • It uses the Bengali script; indigenous groups have been demanding recognition of the Roman script for Kokborok.
World’s longest bridge
  • The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the world’s longest bridge in the sea, will be also the sixth longest bridge of any kind.
Raghavan Committee
  • The Committee that formulated the need for a proactive competition law in lieu of the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act (MRTP), 1969.
Global Findex Survey
  • The survey conducted by World Bank.
Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty
  • a crucial Cold War-era treaty banning the development, testing and possession of short and medium range ground-launched nuclear missiles with a range of 500-5,000 km.
  • The treaty, signed in 1987, was central to ending the arms race between the two superpowers, and protected America’s NATO allies in Europe from Soviet missile attacks.