MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
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Date: 25th October 
The Seoul Peace Prize
  • It was instituted in 1990 to commemorate the success of the 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul.
  • The award was instituted to crystalise Korean people’s yearning for peace on the Korean peninsula and in the rest of the world.
  • PRIME MINISTER Narendra Modi has been conferred with the Seoul Peace Prize for 2018 for his contribution to international cooperation and fostering global economic growth.
Section 4B of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act
  • It assures the Director of a two-year tenure and makes it clear that he cannot be transferred except by the high-power committee — comprising the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition and the Chief Justice of India — that appointed him.
PRISM programme
  • Under which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) collected data from internet communications, was revealed by Edward Snowden in June 2013. The scale of the programme was staggering.
  • Leaked documents showed the very close involvement of US technology companies like Microsoft, Google, Yahoo, Facebook and Apple in the programme.
  • According to the documents, the NSA was collecting data directly from the servers of US service providers.
  • Windows is an outstanding system but is a closed-source software owned by a company that is bound by US laws and historically tied to the American intelligence community.
  • And India is a prime target for American spying; in the overall list of countries targeted by PRISM, India stood at the fifth place.
Bharat Operating System Solutions (BOSS)
  • BOSS is an indigenously developed open-source system by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, an R&D organisation of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.