MALUKA IAS
FACTLY
Print Friendly, PDF & Email
DATE : 28/09/2018
A buffalo race 
  • The annual event is conducted in parts of Kerala after the harvest season on a paddy field.
Railways to roll out smart coaches
  • The Indian Railways are set to launch their ‘Make in India’ smart coaches with new features like black box and artificial intelligence (AI)-powered CCTVs, matching international standards.
  • Named ‘Smart Trains’, the coaches have been equipped with sensors that can detect defects on bearings, wheels, and the railway track, giving constant inputs to those in the control room to avoid accidents, carry out maintenance, and to improve efficiency of operations.
  • The black box, being introduced for the first time by Indian Railways, has a powerful multi-dimensional communication interface to provide information on passengers and coach condition on real-time basis.
Section 497 of the IPC & Section 198(2) of the CrPC
  • According to Section 497 of the IPC, which now stands struck down, a man had the right to initiate criminal proceedings against his wife’s lover. 
  • In treating women as their husband’s property, as individuals bereft of agency, the law was blatantly gender-discriminatiory; aptly, the court also struck down Section 198(2) CrPC under which the husband alone could complaint against adultery.
Article 14 of the Constitution
  • States that “shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws.” 
Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)
  • SLR is the proportion of funds that banks have to maintain as a cash or government securities out of the total deposits that they hold.
Merchant Discount Rate
  • MDR is the fee that a merchant has to pay to a bank for every transaction that is split between the bank which issue the card, the payment service providers, and payment gateways.