Mains 2018 Paper I

Mains 2018 Paper I

Main 2018 Paper-I




QUES1.  i)  Write a short note on Indian art & craft.

               ii). Also highlight , with the help of various examples, why is there a need to safeguard Indian art & craft?

[ COVERED ON :- 11-08-2017]

  1. Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment 

QUES 2.   I) Write a short note on various Chinese traveller that come to India & their observations. [ COVERED ON – 29-11-2017]

                 ii). The understanding of Indian history becomes much easier in the context of numismatics & writing of various foreign travellers. [ COVERED ON – 13-10-2017 ]

                 iii) Harsha was a great king but the writings of Hiuen Tsang made him greater. [ COVERED ON  6-09-2018 ]

  1. Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India. 

QUES 3.  What aspects of Gandhian philosophy are attractive enough to attract youngsters into Gndhian fold. [ COVERED ON 18-07-2018 ]

  1. Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. 

QUES 4. India developed its own IRNSS , on par with GPS , Glonass etc , which will offer diverse services not only to India but to the region as a whole. Disuss. [ COVERED ON – 08-11-2017 ]

  1. Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? 

QUES 5.  Various countries around the globe are showing interest in the vast reserves of the Arctic region.

Discuss the above statement in the context of India’s domestic needs and India’s foreign policy . [ COVERED ON – 08-12-2017 ]

  1. Why is India taking keen interest in the Arctic region? 


  1. Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. 

QUES 7. . Human induced pollution has huge impact on the marine life due to depletion of oxygen . Critically comment. [ COVERED ON – 25-10-17 ]

  1. What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? 
QUES 8. Caste in 21st century in becoming more & more predominant  through various agitation in the name of reservation across the country . This makes the continuance of caste  system all the more important in the present times. Examine . [ COVERED ON – 12-01-18 ]
  1. “Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. 

QUES 9. . (i) Poverty is a multi- dimensional phenomena  . What steps have been taken by the government to remove poverty in the country .[ COVERED ON – 04-07-2018 ]

(ii) What are the various reasons for the persistence of poverty in the country . Recommend various steps that can be taken to overcome it. [ COVERED ON – 07-02-18 ]

  1. ‘Despite implementation of various programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons. 

QUES 10.  i)The concept of Nationalism that developed in India is different from the European concept of nationalism. The European nationalism gave birth to different nations , Indian nationalism gave birth to a united country . [COVERED ON: 03-08-2018 ]

(ii) The concept of secularism that developed in India owes its genesis to ancient Indian society . It is different from the concept of secularism that developed in Europe .[Discussed ON: 21-02-2018]

  1. How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. 

QUES 11.  Write a short note on the following –

(i) Bhakti movement .   [ COVERED ON- 03-01-2018]

(ii) Sufi movement . [ COVERED ON – 03-01-2018 

(iii) . Indian culture ‘Is syncretic in character. It comprehends ideas of different orders. Heterogeneity was the core of this process. It was a characteristic of the social, cultural and philosophical landscape. 

In the light of the above statement , analyse the composite culture that developed in India with the coming of Muslims.  [ COVERED ON – 09-08-2018]

  1. The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. 

QUES 12.  i) Recently various states have focussed on entrepreneurship skill development and policies aimed at boosting industrial growth through land and labour reforms and policies to support manufacturing . Analyse  [ COVERED ON – 31-07-2018]

(ii) The emergence of small states with special focus on efficient use of human and material resources will be beneficial in the long run . Critically analyse. [ COVERD ON – 29-12-2017]

  1. Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India. 
  1. Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to their colonies? have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there? 

QUES 14.     (i) The ground water is depleting very fast . In this context highlight , with the help of various examples , the traditional and modern methods of water harvesting in the country . [ COVERED ON 14-07-2017]

(iii) In India, groundwater crisis are looming large in the recent times. What are the reasons behind it? Also discuss the steps taken by government of India to deal with this problem.[ COVERED ON – 25-06-2018 ]

(iii) . In the recent times as water crisis is seen as major challenge. How social, cultural, economic and environmental values of water to society need to be reassessed in 21st century? How World Bank’s strategy to manage water as valuable resource will help to tackle the problem of water crisis in India? [ COVERED ON – 30-07-2018]

(iv) (i) Per capita water availability is falling and unless it is checked, parts of India may face tomorrow what Cape Town faces today. [Discussed On: 30-07-2018]

(ii) Also highlight recent “Equator Initiative” in the context of water conservation? [ COVERED ON – 20-07-2018 ]

  1. “The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? 

QUES 15.       Fisheries offer a great opportunity for the farmers to increase their income and overcome the challenges associated with the vagaries of monsoon . 

Highlight various steps that can be taken for the development of fisheries in the country  ? [ COVERED ON – 05-01-2018 ]

  1. Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India.

QUES 16. Various industrial corridors offer a great opportunity for the development of region as a whole . Elaborate . [ COVERED ON – 20-09-2017 ]

  1. What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. 

QUES 17. Aspirational District Programme (ADP) is a marked shift in India’s governance model that embodies cooperative as well as competitive federalism and efficiency in resource utilization, as its key determinants. Critically analyse. [ COVERED ON – 28-08-2018]

  1. Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. 

QUES 18.       (i) .  Women in India have faced significant violations of their human rights for centuries. Women need advocates and allies across the country that will fight with them for not only their safety and health, but also for access to further opportunities for empowerment and autonomy. Discuss?  [COVERED ON 13-08-2018]

(ii) UN Women India  helps to create national strategies to advance gender equality in line with national and international priorities and stands behind women’s equal participation in all aspects of life. Elaborate . [ COVERED ON -13-08-2108 ]

  1. ‘Women’s movement in India has not addresses the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. 

QUES 19. . (i) One of the negative impact of globalisation is that it seems to have given winds to the cause of  strengthening of regional cultures and traditions . Comment. [ COVERED ON – 16-08-2017]

 (ii) . Globalisation has led to an increased level of interconnectedness among the people of the world and affected their lives,  work and families. Critically examine the impact of globalisation on various sections of society .  [ COVERED ON – 26-08-2018]

  1. ‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
QUES 20. What is communalism ? what are its features ? Highlight the various factors which are responsible for the growth of communalism in the country ? Also suggest some of the measures which can be taken to meet the challenge of communalism ?  [ COVERED ON – 02-07-2018 ]
  1. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. 


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