Mains 2018 Paper II

Mains 2018 Paper II

Main 2018 Paper-II

ASSURED MAINS CLASS & DAILY ANSWER WRITING QUESTIONS WHICH CAME IN MAINS 2018 PAPER II

MALUKA IAS QUESTIONS

UPSC  MAINS 2018 QUESTIONS

Ques 1.  The     Supreme court , Law commission     & various other commissions      have suggest various reforms in the electoral system of the country but their implementation lacks. 

In the context, highlight the various challenges in ensuring & level playing field & transparency in the elections.

Also recommend various steps to overcome these challenges.   

[ COVERED ON – 01-12-2017 ]

1. In the light of recent controversy regarding the use of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM), what are the challenges before the Election Commission of India to ensure the trustworthiness of elections in India?

Ques 2.  In recent times, a notice has been issued by NCSC to Aligarh Muslim university in failing to implement the reservation policy. 

Discuss the power of NCSC in the context of above statement.  [ COVERED ON – 20-07-2018 ]

2. Whether National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) can enforce the implementation of constitutional reservation for the Scheduled Castes in the religious minority institutions? Examine

Ques3 . write a short note on-

i) Art 356      ii) Art 360 [ COVERED ON – 11-08-2019 ]

3. Under what circumstances can the Financial Emergency be proclaimed by the President of India? What consequences follow when such a declaration remains in force?

Ques 4.(a) Departmental Related Standing Committees has evolved as a mini-parliament.

    (i) Highlight the role played by it in improving the legislations.

    (ii) Also highlight its weaknesses and how they can be overcomed?          [ COVERED ON – 03-09-2018]

 (b) Write a short note on the

     i) Public Account Committee

    ii) Estimate Committee 

[ COVERED ON – 04-03-2018]

4. Why do you think the committees are considered to be useful for parliamentary work? Discuss, in this context, the role of the Estimates Committee.

Ques 5.  CAG is essential in overseeing Government finances and ensuring public accountability. In that context, highlight the various powers and limitations on CAG and how can they be removed.  [COVERED ON -20-07-2018 ]

5. “The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has a very vital role to play.” Explain how this is reflected in the method and terms of his appointment as well as the range of powers he can exercise.

Ques 6. . (i) Why do we need environmental ethics? Justify with various example. Also justify various ways in which conflict between development and environment can be solved.[ COVERED ON – 22-06-2018 ]

(ii) One of the major road-block to development is policy paralysis which needs to be overcomed and ensure sustainable development. Examine. [ COVERED ON – 23-10-2107]

6. “Policy contradictions among various competing sectors and stakeholders have resulted in inadequate ‘protection and prevention of degradation to the environment.” Comment with relevant illustrations.

Ques 7. Briefly discuss the key pillars on which National Health Policy is based? Also highlight the key policy shift in organising health care services required for universal health coverage? [ COVERED ON – 27-07-2018 ]

7. Appropriate local community level healthcare intervention is a prerequisite to achieve ‘Health for All’ in India. Explain

Ques 8. We have only implemented e-government but not e-governance. Critically comment. [ COVERED ON – 01-09-2018]

8. E-governance in not only about utilization of the power of new technology but also much about the critical importance of the ‘use value’ of information. Explain

Ques 9.In recent times,  India’s relation with Israel has acquired a new heights with ever increasing warmth between the two nations.  [COVERED ON – 24-08-2018]

9. “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss

QUES 10. In recent India has shown increasing interest in central Asia , with key interest to fulfill its energy needs and to counter China . Analyse. [ COVERED ON -06-03-2018]

10. A number of outside powers have entrenched themselves in Central Asia, which is a zone of interest to India. Discuss the implications, in this context, of India’s joining the Ashgabat Agreement, 2018.
Ques 11. The issues between Lt.Governor of Delhi and Delhi government has been going on for sometime now . What can be the possible solution to overcome the problem ? [ COVERED ON – 08-09-2018] 11. Whether the Supreme Court Judgement (July 2018) can settle the political tussle between the Lt. Governor and elected government of Delhi? Examine

Ques 12.(i) In India, tribunals are facing certain challenges. Discuss. Also highlight the issues related to the appointment of tribunals. In this context, what are the suggestions made by the Central Administrative Tribunals (CAT) bar association on appointments of various tribunals. [ COVERED ON – 13-07-2018]

(ii) Discuss with the help of various examples that the role played by various tribunals are reducing the effectiveness and jurisdiction of courts ?  [ COVERED ON – 29-12-2017 ]

12. How far do you agree with the view that tribunals curtail the jurisdiction of ordinary courts? In view of the above, discuss the constitutional validity and competency of the tribunals in India 

Ques 13. In recent times, various weakness has been pointed at the parliamentary system in the country and a demand for shift to Presidential system has been emerging .

In the context of the above statement , highlight the features of presidential and parliamentary system of government with focus on the social , political and economic structure in USA and India . [ COVERED ON – 23-08-2018 ]

13. Indian and USA are two large democracies. Examine the basic tenets on which the two political systems are based.

Ques 14. The  role of Finance commission is very vital for the all round development of the country . In this context highlight the various terms of references of the 15th Finance Commission. [ COVERED ON – 18-08-2018 ]

14. How is the Finance Commission of India constituted? What do you know about the terms of reference of the recently constituted Finance Commission? Discuss

Ques 15. . Panchayati Raj Institute (PRI) are simultaneously a remarkable success and a staggering failure, depending on the goalposts against which they are evaluated. Do you agree? Comment. [COVERED ON – 18-07-2018 ]

15. Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing developmental projects?

Ques 16. (i)  NHRC should be an overacrching body to look into all aspects of human right violation in the country . Analyse. 

(ii) What are the various limitations of NHRC and how they can be overcome? [ COVERED ON – 20-07-2018 ]

16. The multiplicity of various commissions for the vulnerable sections of the society leads to problems of overlapping jurisdiction and duplication of functions. Is it better to merge all commissions into an umbrella Human Rights Commission? Argue your case

Ques 17.  (A) I. Why is there a need to strategise food fortification in India & what are its benefits . 

II. Also highlight various affects made towards food fortification in India? [ COVERED ON – 29-06-2018 ]

(B) We need to follow a multi-dimensional approach to overcome hunger and malnutrition in the country . Discuss.

17. How far do you agree with the view that the focus on the lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India?
Ques 18. What is Citizen charter? What steps should be taken to make it more effectives?  [ COVERED ON – 29-06-2018] 18. The Citizen’s Charter is an ideal instrument of organisational transparency and accountability, but it has its own limitations. Identify the limitations and suggest measures for greater effectiveness of the Citizen’s Charters

Ques 19. (i)  WTO was given a large ambit overseeing the rules for world trade and was also given powers to punish countries which violated these rules but has been felled by the weight of the extra-ordinary ambitions places on it   & its thereby loosing significance. Analyse. ‘[ COVERED ON 21-08-2018]

(ii) In the 21st century, globalisation faces challenges from its chief architecture. Analyse. 

Also bring about the relevance of WTO in the present context. [ COVERED ON – 23-07-2018 ]

19. What are the key areas of reform if the WTO has to survive in the present context of ‘Trade War, especially keeping in mind the interest of India?

Ques 20.  The US sanctions on Iran will have a far reaching spill over effects.

Comment upon the above statement in the context of India. COVERED ON – 23-08-2018] 

20. In what ways would the ongoing US-Iran Nuclear Pact Controversy affect the national interest of India? How should India respond to its situation?