Main 2018 Paper-III

MALUKA IAS

ASSURED MAINS CLASS & DAILY ANSWER WRITING QUESTIONS WHICH CAME IN MAINS 2018 (PAPER III)

MALUKA IAS QUESTIONS

UPSC  MAINS 2018 QUESTIONS

Ques 1. (i) What are the challenges for energy security in the country? What step can be taken by Government to overcome this?[ COVERED ON – 20-06-2018 ]

(ii) In recent times effort is being made to move towards achieving  energy security in a sustainable way which will further India’s cause towards fulfilling SDG’s. Examine.[ COVERED ON – 21-8-2018 ]

1. “Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy is the sine qua non to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”.Comment on the progress made in India in this regard.

Ques 2.Recently  various changes has been introduced  in the tax structure. 

Discuss the above statement in the context of the recent budget .                  [ COVERED ON –23-03-2018 ]

2. Comment on the important changes introduced in respect of the Long term Capital Gains Tax (LCGT) and Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) in the Union Budget for 2018-2019.

Ques 3.  Recently times government has been increasing the MSP for various crops to help increase the farmers income  and to encourage them . To what extent it will be helpful in overcoming the problems of low income of the farmers ? 

What measures has been suggested by Niti Aayog to  increase farmers income [ COVERED ON – 14-03-2018 ]

3.   What do you mean by Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How will MSP rescue the farmers from the low income trap?

Ques 4.  (i) Government has been making attempts to introduce e-technology in agriculture for easier sale of farmers produce and for the elimination of various intermediaries, which can help increasing farmers income .  [ COVERED ON –10-01-2018 ]

(ii) Recently various Apps and supermarkets are coming up which are procuring the farm produce directly from the farmers which is helping the farmer to increase his income . Analyse with the help of various examples .                                     [ COVERED ON – 20-10-2018 ]

4. Examine the role of supermarkets in supply chain management of fruits, vegetables and food items. How do they eliminate number of intermediaries?

5. Discuss the work of ‘Bose-Einstein Statistics’ done by Prof. Satyendra Nath Bose and show how it revolutionized the field of Physics.

Ques 6 . What is solid waste management ? Discuss the various methods of solid waste management ? Also highlight various problem in dealing with solid waste management due to limited capacity in the country ? [ COVERED ON – 02-01-2018 ]

6. What are the impediments in disposing the huge quantities of discarded solid wastes which are continuously being generated? How do we remove safely the toxic wastes that have been accumulating in our habitable environment?

Ques 7. What are wetlands ?  What steps has been taken in India for the conservation of wetlands in the country ?

What more is needed in this context ?  [ COVERED ON 20-07-2018]

7. What is wetland? Explain the Ramsar concept of ‘wise use’ in the context of wetland conservation. Cite two examples of Ramsar sites from India

8. Sikkim is the first ‘Organic State’ in India. What are the ecological and economical benefits of Organic State?

Ques 9. To give boost to connectivity , China has been building CPEC .     Pakistan view CPEC as a solution to the prevailing poverty in Pakistan . But from India’s point of view it infringes its sovereignty . Analyse. 

 [ COVERED ON – 20-08-2018 ]

9. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is viewed as a cardinal subset of China’s larger ‘One Belt One Road’ initiative. Give a brief description of CPEC and enumerate the reasons why India has distanced itself from the same.

Ques 10.According to the report of Ministry of Home Affairs , while the cross border infiltration has been increasing , there has been a marked reduction in the naxalite attacks . 

Highlight the various steps taken by the government to deal with naxalism in the country .  [COVERED ON – 08-08-2017]

10. Left Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still affects many parts of the country. Briefly explain the Government of India’s approach to counter the challenges posed by LWE.

Ques 11.  Niti Aayog has been formed to strengthen the spirit of cooperative federalism in the country . How it its functioning  is different from the functioning of Planning Commission ?COVERED ON – 05-01-2018 ]

11. How are the principles followed by NITI Aayog different from those followed by the erstwhile planning commission in India?

Ques 12. (i) Recently various countries of the world are directly or indirectly engaged in trade wars and protectionalism which will have a far reaching impact on the world economy .  Analyse.

(ii)  Comment upon the above statement in the context of India ?         [ COVERED ON 20-08-2018 ]

12. How would the recent phenomena of protectionism and currency manipulations in world trade affect macroeconomic stability of India?

Ques 13. Recently Niti Aoyog has been focussing on Market Liberalization for Horticulture Revolution at small farms.

How far it can be successful in     increasing farmers income to achieve the vision of Prime Minister Modi to double farmers income. [ COVERED ON -17-07-2018 ]

13. Assess the role of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in boosting the production, productivity and income of horticulture farms. How far has it succeeded in increasing the income of farmers?

Ques 14. (i) In the recent times there has been an increasing shift in the cropping pattern in the country . Discuss the reasons behind IT  with a suitable case study ?                                 [ covered on- 20-12-2017 ]

(ii)  Centre is  promoting millets on a ‘mission mode’ to achieve nutritional security and the year 2018 has been declared the Year of Millets. The nutrient-rich grains are making a quick comeback in the Indian agrarian landscape after decades of institutional neglect. Discuss.                                          [ COVERED ON – 27-03-2018 ]

14. How has the emphasis on certain crops brought about changes in cropping patterns in recent past? Elaborate the emphasis on millets production and consumption

Ques 15. Biotechnology is becoming a buzz-word these days.

Define biotechnology ? Also explain how it has benefitted the field of agriculture and medicine ?                       [ COVERED ON – 06-06-2018 ]

15. Why is there so much activity in the field of biotechnology in our country? How has this activity benefitted the field of biopharma?

Ques 16.  For achieving energy security , India should focus more on expanding its nuclear program but various concerns has been raised about it . Examine. [COVERED ON– 10-07-2017 ] 

16. With growing energy needs should India keep on expanding its nuclear energy programme? Discuss the facts and fears associated with nuclear energy

Ques 17.  India is a very diverse country in flora and fauna which need to be conserved for future generations. 

Highlights various efforts made in the country for the conservation of biodiversity in the country ? [ COVERED ON – 20-03-2018 ] 

17. How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act,2002 helpful in conservation of flora and fauna?

Ques 18 . Sendai framework is voluntary non-binding agreement which recognises state has primary role to reduce disaster risk, but that responsibility should be share with other stakeholders including government, private sector and other stakeholders.

 In this context highlight the various initiatives taken by government with regard to fulfilling the objectives of Sendai framework. [ COVERED ON – 22-06-2018] 

18. Describe various measures taken in India for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) before and after signing ‘Sendai Framework for DRR (2015-2030)’. How is this framework different from ‘Hyogo Framework for Action, 2005’?

Ques 19 . (i) The digital revolution is propelling growth dynamics of India in a positive way both economically and socially but the threat of cyber attacks remains the major challenge. 

In this context , analyse India’s readiness for data security in the country .  [ COVERED ON -04-07-2018 ]

(ii) Critically analyse the B.N.Srikrishna report in the context of data privacy .    [ COVERED ON – 29-08-2018 ]

19. Data security has assumed significant importance in the digitized world due to rising cyber-crimes. The Justice B. N. Srikrishna Committee Report addresses issues related to data security. What, in your view, are the strengths and weaknesses of the Report relating to protection of personal data in cyber space?

Qus 20. What is Organised Crime ? How is it linked with terrorism ? What are the problems in controlling it ? What steps should be taken to combat organised crime ? [ COVERED ON -16-08-2018]

What is money laundering ? What are its social and economic effects ? What steps have been taken by the government to counter money laundering ?       [COVERED ON – 16-08-2018]

20. India’s proximity to two of the world’s biggest illicit opium-growing states has enhanced her internal security concerns. Explain the linkages between drug trafficking and other illicit activities such as gunrunning, money laundering and human trafficking. What countermeasures should be taken to prevent the same?